Pololu Adjustable Boost Regulator 2.5-9.5V

Item number: PO791

This powerful, adjustable boost regulator can generate an output voltage as high as 9.5?V from an input voltage as low as 1.5?V, all in a compact, 0.42??x?0.88??x?0.23? package. A trimmer potentiometer lets you set the boost regulator?s output voltage to a value between 2.5 and 9.5?V.

Category: Power supply


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Description

Overview

The Pololu adjustable boost regulator is a very flexible switching regulator (also called a switched-mode power supply, SMPS, or DC-to-DC converter) that can generate voltages higher than its input voltage. We offer two adjustable ranges: approximately2.5V to 9.5Vand4V to 25V. The output voltage can be set using the trimmer potentiometer in the upper-right corner of the board. The input voltage range is 1.5V to 16V (the input voltage should be kept below the output voltage). The integrated 2A switch allows for output currents high enough to drive small motors, as in our3pi robot, and allows large voltage gains, such as obtaining 24V from two NiMH or NiCd cells.

Some example applications include:

  • Powering 5V or 3.3V systems from lower-voltage batteries
  • Powering 5V subsystems (e.g. sensors) in lower-voltage (e.g. 3.3V) systems
  • Achieving consistent actuator operation when powered by fluctuating batteries
  • Powering high-brightness LEDs or a large number of LEDs in series

Note:For high-volume applications, this product can be customized with fixed output voltages ranging from 2V to 30V.

Feature summary

  • input voltage: 1.5V to 16V
  • output adjustable from2.5V to 9.5Vor4V to 25V
  • 750 kHz switching frequency
  • 2A switch (and input) limit
  • integrated over-temperature and over-current shutoff
  • typical efficiency of 80-90% when doubling voltage and with 100-500mA output
  • small size: 10.7x22.4x5.8mm (0.42"x0.88"x0.23")
  • weight without header pins: 1.6g (0.06oz)

Using the Boost Regulator

Connections

The boost regulator has just three connections: the input voltage, ground, and the output voltage. These three connections are labeled on the back side of the PCB, and they are arranged with a 0.1" spacing along the edge of the board for compatibility with standardsolderless breadboardsand perfboards andconnectorsthat use a 0.1" grid. You can solder wires directly to the board or solder in either the 31straight male header stripor the 31right-angle male header stripthat is included.

Setting the output voltage

The output voltage can be adjusted using a meter and a light load (e.g. a 10kO resistor). Turning the potentiometer clockwise increases the output voltage. The output voltage can be affected by a screwdriver touching the potentiometer, so the output measurement should be done with nothing touching the potentiometer.

Warning:You should be careful not to use an input voltage that exceeds the output voltage setting, so we recommend setting the output voltage with the input voltage around or below 2.5V (e.g. using one or two alkaline batteries). Note that the potentiometer has no physical end stops, which means that the wiper can be turned 360 degrees and into an invalid region in which the output voltage is set to approximately 2.5V (for both the 2.5V to 9.5V and 4V to 25V versions).

Output voltage settings for the adjustable boost regulators.

Theabsolute limitfor the input voltage isdouble the output voltage setting. For example, if the output is set to 6V, the input must not exceed 12V. Once the input exceeds the output set point, the output voltage will rise with the input voltage since the input is connected to the output through an inductor and a diode.

Note:The trimmer potentiometer is not rated for continual adjustment back and forth;
the intended application is to set the output voltage a few times in its life.

Efficiency and available output current

The available output current depends on the input and output voltages. The input current is limited to approximately 2A, and, as shown in the graphs below, the efficiency is typically 80% to 90%. Therefore, the maximum available current will be approximately 800mA when doubling the input voltage and approximately 400 mA when quadrupling the input voltage. At high output powers, the 20% lost in the regulator will cause substantial heating, which can limit the available output power (the regulator will automatically shut off if its internal temperature gets too high). At low output currents and high input and output voltages, the efficiency drops closer to 50%, though the lower power involved prevents heating from being an issue. Some output voltages shown in the efficiency graphs below can only be achieved using the4-25V adjustable boost regulator.

LC Voltage Spikes

When connecting voltage to electronic circuits, the initial rush of current can cause voltage spikes that are much higher than the input voltage. If these spikes exceed the regulator?s absolute maximum voltage (16V), the regulator can be destroyed. If you are connecting more than approximately 10V or your power leads or supply has high inductance (e.g. your input leads are longer than a few inches), we recommend soldering a 33F or larger electrolytic capacitor close to the regulator between VIN and GND. The capacitor should be rated for at least 25V.

More information about LC spikes can be found in our application note,Understanding Destructive LC Voltage Spikes.


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